Importance and types of dock levellers | TPS Gates & Doors LTD
Written by tpsindustrial on March 17, 2020 in Architecture

In a warehouse, dock levellers have become considerably more important. When trucks are transporting shipments in and out of warehouses, dock levellers make the process a lot more efficient and less prone to accidents.

Here, we’ll take a more in-depth look at the importance of dock levellers within the warehousing industry and the different types.

What dock levellers are for

Dock levellers are metal plated structures fixated at a docking door where trucks come in to be either loaded or unloaded with shipments. The leveller acts as a platform that extends to the transportation vehicle so that large and heavy objects can be moved in and out of them with minimal risk of damage.

There are different types of dock levellers with different levels of required maintenance and reliability.

Dock leveller types

The type of dock leveller should be appropriate for the type of vehicle it’s used for. Here, we’ll look at the range of differences between types of levellers.

• Mechanical – A mechanical dock leveller is particularly ideal for a dock without its own electrical source. This is because a mechanical leveller doesn’t require an electrical source to functions, and instead works “mechanically” with a pull chain or spring.
• Air-Powered – This type of dock leveller uses a compressed air-powered system that is generally low-cost and easily maintainable. This also does not require its own electrical source to be powered.
• Hydraulic – Dock levellers that are powered hydraulically are often ideal for warehousing docks that host a larger amount of vehicle loading operations, due to the fact they are more powerful and would be more reliable under heightened workloads.

The next thing to consider is the function of the dock leveller. A leveller should be chosen with a suitable functionality to what it’s being operated for;

• Vertical loading – This is essentially a leveller that remains propped in a vertical position and is lowered when its use is required. This makes the work environment safer when the dock leveller is not in use, in addition to providing a barrier for energy and heat transfer for the docking door.
• Edge-of-dock – This type of leveller is fixated on directly onto the dock. This is an efficient dock leveller because of its ease of installation. It doesn’t require a pit to be mounted and is more ideal for vehicles backing into docks without much of a height difference.
• Recessed-style – These are typically more common than other kinds of levellers. They are fixated in lowered concrete gaps, hence the name. They come in a range of sizes to suit warehousing needs.

The importance of dock levellers

Dock levellers are first and foremost essential because of the level of safety they yield. Shipments that are loaded and unloaded from trucks or lorries are typically in high quantity, making them large or heavy. Dock levellers ensure these can be unloaded or loaded without risk of damage to both employees and the shipment.

When working conditions are improved, so does the well-being of the employees which will improve productivity for the company overall.

Warehousing is heavily reliant on the incoming of shipments in vehicles such as trucks or lorries. Dock levellers ensure that different vehicles or trucks of different heights can be used to import or export items.

Essentially, dock levellers are a necessity for the warehousing industry for both improving working conditions and safety of its employees, but also for boosting efficiency. Due to the range of types of dock levellers available in a competitive market, they can also be very economical investments. For more information about levellers or dock shelters and warehouse fencing systems, contact TPS today!

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